Solidity内联汇编Assembly

2021年5月17日15:38:26以太坊评论410阅读模式

操作码表

操作码 说明
stop - stop execution, identical to return(0,0)
add(x, y) x + y
sub(x, y) x - y
mul(x, y) x * y
div(x, y) x / y
sdiv(x, y) x / y, for signed numbers in two’s complement
mod(x, y) x % y
smod(x, y) x % y, for signed numbers in two’s complement
exp(x, y) x to the power of y
not(x) ~x, every bit of x is negated
lt(x, y) 1 if x < y, 0 otherwise
gt(x, y) 1 if x > y, 0 otherwise
slt(x, y) 1 if x < y, 0 otherwise, for signed numbers in two’s complement
sgt(x, y) 1 if x > y, 0 otherwise, for signed numbers in two’s complement
eq(x, y) 1 if x == y, 0 otherwise
iszero(x) 1 if x == 0, 0 otherwise
and(x, y) bitwise and of x and y
or(x, y) bitwise or of x and y
xor(x, y) bitwise xor of x and y
byte(n, x) nth byte of x, where the most significant byte is the 0th byte
addmod(x, y, m) (x + y) % m with arbitrary precision arithmetics
mulmod(x, y, m) (x * y) % m with arbitrary precision arithmetics
signextend(i, x) sign extend from (i*8+7)th bit counting from least significant
keccak256(p, n) keccak(mem

:= v & 0xff - only modifies a single byte

sload(p) storage

sstore(p, v) - storage

:= v

msize size of memory, i.e. largest accessed memory index
gas gas still available to execution
address address of the current contract / execution context
balance(a) wei balance at address a
caller call sender (excluding delegatecall)
callvalue wei sent together with the current call
calldataload(p) call data starting from position p (32 bytes)
calldatasize size of call data in bytes
calldatacopy(t, f, s) - copy s bytes from calldata at position f to mem at position t
codesize size of the code of the current contract / execution context
codecopy(t, f, s) - copy s bytes from code at position f to mem at position t
extcodesize(a) size of the code at address a
extcodecopy(a, t, f, s) - like codecopy(t, f, s) but take code at address a
returndatasize size of the last returndata
returndatacopy(t, f, s) - copy s bytes from returndata at position f to mem at position t
create(v, p, s) create new contract with code mem[p..(p+s)) and send v wei and return the new address
create2(v, n, p, s) create new contract with code mem[p..(p+s)) at address keccak256(

. n . keccak256(mem[p..(p+s))) and send v wei and return the new address
call(g, a, v, in, insize, out, outsize) call contract at address a with input mem[in..(in+insize)) providing g gas and v wei and output area mem[out..(out+outsize)) returning 0 on error (eg. out of gas) and 1 on success
callcode(g, a, v, in, insize, out, outsize) identical to call but only use the code from a and stay in the context of the current contract otherwise
delegatecall(g, a, in, insize, out, outsize) identical to callcode but also keep caller and callvalue
staticcall(g, a, in, insize, out, outsize) identical to call(g, a, 0, in, insize, out, outsize) but do not allow state modifications
return(p, s) - end execution, return data mem[p..(p+s))
revert(p, s) - end execution, revert state changes, return data mem[p..(p+s))
selfdestruct(a) - end execution, destroy current contract and send funds to a
invalid - end execution with invalid instruction
log0(p, s) - log without topics and data mem[p..(p+s))
log1(p, s, t1) - log with topic t1 and data mem[p..(p+s))
log2(p, s, t1, t2) - log with topics t1, t2 and data mem[p..(p+s))
log3(p, s, t1, t2, t3) - log with topics t1, t2, t3 and data mem[p..(p+s))
log4(p, s, t1, t2, t3, t4) - log with topics t1, t2, t3, t4 and data mem[p..(p+s))
origin transaction sender
gasprice gas price of the transaction
blockhash(b) hash of block nr b - only for last 256 blocks excluding current
coinbase current mining beneficiary
timestamp timestamp of the current block in seconds since the epoch
number current block number
difficulty difficulty of the current block
gaslimit block gas limit of the current block